Epidemiological model lends insight to chlamydia outbreak in Japan

Interpolation of age-distributions of reported cases of chlamydia in Japan in 2015. Credit: Toshikazu Kuniya, SIAM Journal on Applied Mathematics. Mathematical models that quantify the dynamics of infectious diseases are crucial predictive tools for the control of ongoing and future outbreaks. An infection’s basic reproduction number (R0) is especially important to disease modeling and epidemiology,…

Mathematicians report a way to optimize post-stroke therapy

Credit: Natalia Deryugina/VSRao RUDN scientists have created a mathematical model describing changes in the properties of brain tissues after stroke. The development will help clinicians to optimize post-stroke therapy by stimulating brain neurons and taking into account each patient’s individual situation. The results of the study were published in Mathematical Biosciences. Over 15 million people…

Improving geothermal HVAC systems with mathematics

Sketch of a typical geothermal borehole, whose thermal conductivity differs from that of the surrounding ground. The left pop-out depicts the problem’s asymptotic structure and application of sub-annual harmonic excitation. Credit: Miguel Hermanns and Santiago Ibáñez, SIAM Journal on Applied Mathematics. Extreme weather events, water shortages, and other consequences of climate change have challenged—and compromised—energy…